Submission to the Senate Inquiry into Migration Amendment (Repairing Medical Transfers) Bill 2019 Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS) Australia(PDF).
As stated in this submission:
In JRS Australia’s experience working with children, women, and the men transferred from Manus Island and Nauru, the following issues have come to the fore: severe forms of complex Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), major depressive disorders, adjustment disorders, and anxiety disorders. People report experiencing regular, intrusive flashbacks triggered by everyday sights and sounds, feelings of unexplained and debilitating fear, and the pervasive inability to trust others. Suicide ideations are a daily occurrence for people in this group for weeks, and sometimes, months after being transferred. Many people report chronic pain with causes that have not been determined yet. Many people are also dependent on pain or sleeping medication. At least three women have experienced pregnancy loss or still birth. A number of children are still experiencing symptoms of Traumatic Withdrawal Syndrome (TWS) months after being transferred.